All posts filed under: pregnancy essentials

pregnancy newcastle and tyneside

Your body during pregnancy

Here’s what happens to your body during pregnancy and birth…   Your body during pregnancy – hormones As soon as the placenta starts to form and the cells, which are fast becoming your baby, have implanted into the side of the uterus, your baby will produce human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) – these levels will double every couple of days, reaching its peak by about 10 weeks when the levels start to level out as the placenta starts to function. Oestrogen  This hormone is needed to: stimulate the placenta – to ensure that it grows and works develop your baby’s lungs, liver and kidneys work with progesterone to grow your breast tissue for milk production The rapidly growing levels of oestrogen in early pregnancy may cause sickness and nausea. Oestrogen and relaxin creates the loosening of the ligaments and joints throughout the body, which is needed to enable your body to expand for your growing baby and to provide the space for your baby to be born.   Progesterone This is a very powerful hormone – its levels are very high during pregnancy. In early pregnant it is needed: to stimulate blood vessels to increase the blood flow to your womb for the glands in the lining of the womb to produce the nutrients that are needed for your embryo baby to enable the lining of your womb to thicken and to aid the attachment of the placenta and the implantation of your embryo baby to form the placenta Throughout pregnancy, progesterone is needed: for the development of your baby to prevent your womb contracting before labour needs to start to prevent lactation until after your baby is born to help strengthen the muscles of your pelvic wall for labour   Oxytocin The posterior pituitary gland releases oxytocin during pregnancy, this will increase at the end of pregnancy to stimulate the contractions needed for labour.   Human placental lactogen (hPL) This hormone, also known as human chorionic somatomammotropin, is made by the placenta. It provides nutrition for your baby and it stimulates the milk glands in your breasts in preparation for breastfeeding. Your body during pregnancy Your heart during the second trimester your heart is working 40% harder than normal – your heart is working efficiently to pump more blood with each beat your heart rate may increase by about 15 beats per minute blood volume increases throughout pregnancy Plasma can increase by 40-50% and red blood cell mass increases by 20-30%, which can mean you need more iron and folic acid   Your lungs throughout pregnancy, the air going in and out of your lungs increases by about 50%, with higher blood oxygen levels – you  could consume 10-20% more oxygen the shape of your chest changes in pregnancy as your diaphragm can rise by 4cm, which reduces lung capacity by 5%   Your cervix …

Pregnancy – midwife appointments

Questions to ask your midwife When you are pregnant, you may need support and reassurance as your baby grows and your body changes. If it is your first baby, you may want to know that what you are experiencing is normal. Your community midwife is your first contact as you begin your pregnancy journey.  Your booking-in appointment will probably be the longest one, where you will be given the information about your antenatal checks. Your midwife will offer antenatal checks, which will include: Checking your blood pressure Checking your weight Checking your urine for protein, which can be an indicator of pre-eclampsia in later pregnancy Blood tests for your blood group and rhesus status as well as checking for anaemia, rubella, syphilis, hepatitis B and HIV Listening to your baby’s heartbeat – from about 16 weeks Measuring your bump – from about 24 weeks Arranging your scans and screening tests   During your antenatal checks your midwife can also provide you with information about: How often you will see her, what are the routine tests, when will …

pregnancy and birth labour and birth newcastle and tyneside

Pregnancy – 3rd trimester

Your 3rd trimester – From 28 weeks This could be the time when you well and truly feel like you are making a human being, as your bump gets bigger and your baby kicks and wriggles. It can be a great time to bond with your baby. How you might be feeling? You could be enjoying those wriggles and kicks from your baby There may be more aches and pains in your back and hips as your body changes to accommodate your growing baby Your tiredness could return as your body adapts to carrying the extra weight of your weight and amniotic fluid. You may also find that your sleep is being affected as you struggle to get comfortable and you may need frequent trips to the loo at night as well Some pregnant women start to feel sick again – this could be linked to your tiredness and/or any indigestion as your expanding womb means there’s less room in your stomach Your growing womb can also lead to heartburn You might feel breathless, as there can …

pregnancy and birth labour and birth newcastle and tyneside

Pregnancy – 2nd trimester

Your 2nd trimester: weeks 13-28 You might be telling people now, especially if you have had your first scan which can provide reassurance for a lot of expectant parents. How you might be feeling? You could be blooming or still feeling blooming awful Sleeping, eating and getting through the day without feeling like you’ve been drugged could become easier, you might even feel up to some exercise – yoga, pilates, aquanatal, aerobics are all great for you.  You could start to feel your baby move – from fluttering to full on kicks as he gets bigger  The sickness could go but the heartburn could start at some point in the second trimester – talk to your midwife if you are concerned about it.  You might start to experience back and pelvis aches, or even pain, as your joints loosen and your body shape changes to accommodate your growing baby As your baby grows, you might start to feel breathless too – always check this out with your midwife if it concerns you.  Some women get more headaches in pregnancy. Although you …